A Gasplasma® plant will incorporate a Materials Recycling Facility (MRF) where residual waste is processed to recover any metals, glass and dense plastics as recyclable materials. The residue is shredded and dried (using recovered process heat) to produce a Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) which is presented to the Gasplasma® process.
The core of the Gasplasma® process comprises a gasifier which transforms the organic material in the RDF into a crude syngas containing tars and chars. It does this by heating the RDF to a high temperature, around 800°C, in a highly controlled reduced oxygen environment. The gasifier allows for the production of a consistent syngas and achieves high conversion efficiencies.
The crude syngas exiting the gasifier is then passed into the separate, secondary Gasplasma® plasma conversion unit. The intense heat from the plasma arc – in excess of 8,000°C – and the strong ultraviolet light of the plasma result in the complete cracking of tar substances and the breakdown of char materials. The cracking creates a clean syngas, whilst the inorganic elements in the ash carried over from the gasifier are vitrified into a product called Plasmarok®. The plasma converter is able to achieve highly effective and energy efficient cracking of the complex tars and char products in the crude syngas exiting the gasifier. It is the presence of these contaminants in waste gasification processes which has, hitherto, been the major obstacle in deploying the gas engines and turbines necessary to achieve higher electrical generating efficiencies. The addition of plasma conversion technology, therefore, differentiates the Gasplasma® process and enables it to deliver electrical efficiencies which set it apart from alternative waste to energy processes.
The clean syngas exiting the plasma converter is then cooled and conditioned through wet and dry scrubbers before being used directly in gas engine or turbine to generate renewable energy. Residual heat is also recovered from the process to be used in Combined Heat and Power (CHP) mode within the process itself as well as for other users in the vicinity.
The Gasplasma® process is an advanced thermal conversion technology developed to treat wastes and to convert them into synthetic gas (syngas). The core concept of this process is the conversion of waste to a clean syngas that can be used directly for production of heat and/or for generation of electricity or to substitute natural gas. The Gasplasma® technology has the capability to process a wide variety of waste streams, and for the purposes of this undertaking, the proposed facility would receive industrial, commercial & institutional (ICI), construction and demolition waste (C&D), municipal (MSW), biosolids, biomass, pre-processed tires, and other non-hazardous waste streams.
Direct plasma compliments Gasplasma® and is essentially the plasma component of the Gasplasma® system used to process inert or inorganic materials (i.e. non-hazardous contaminated soils, precious metal recovery).
Advanced waste-to-energy solutions
Complete Resource Recovery
Zero Residual Ash